St. Firmilian of Caesarea

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Firmilian (died 269) was a Bishop of Caesarea Mazaca from ca. 232, was a disciple of Origen and a contemporary of Cyprian of Carthage.  Gregory of Nyssa tells that Gregory Thaumaturgus, when still a pagan, having completed his secular studies, “fell in with Firmilian.”  According to Eusebius, when Firmilian was Bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia, he invited Origen to his own country for the benefit of the Churches, around 232.  Firmilian was an opponent of the stringent policies of antipope Novatian, for Dionysius the Great writes that he had been invited to a synod at Antioch in 252 by the bishops of Cilicia, Cappadocia, and Palestine to repudiate Novatianism.  A single letter of Firmilian to Cyprian survives among Cyprian’s correspondence.

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