St. Andrew of Crete

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Andrew of Crete (650-740) also known as Andrew of Jerusalem, was born in Damascus and was a mute until the age of seven when he was miraculously cured after receiving Holy Communion.  He was sent to Constantinople as the official representative of the Patriarch of Jerusalem at the Sixth Ecumenical Council (680–681), which had been called by Emperor Constantine IV to counter the heresy of Monothelitism.

Shortly after the Council he was appointed Archdeacon at the “Great Church” of Hagia Sophia, which was built in 537 as the patriarchal cathedral of the imperial capital of Constantinople.  It was the largest Christian church of the eastern Roman Empire, but in 1453, after the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire, it was converted into a mosque. Eventually, Andrew was appointed Bishop of Gortyna, in Crete.  He died on the island of Mytilene, while returning to Crete from Constantinople, where he had been on church business. His relics were later transferred to Constantinople.

Writings:

  • The Great Canon of Repentance
  • The canon for the Resurrection of Lazarus
  • The canon for the Conception of St. Anne
  • The canon for the Maccabean Martyrs
  • The canon for St. Ignatius of Antioch

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