The Biblical Canon of
the Vetus Latina manuscripts
The Vetus Latina manuscripts are handwritten copies and surviving manuscripts of the earliest Latin translations of the Bible. Known as the “Vetus Latina” or “Old Latin” Bibles they originated from multiple translators and include parts of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, the Septuagint including the Deuterocanonical books (most often Tobit and Maccabees), and the New Testament. These early Latin Bible translations were copies of earlier works that predate and differ from Latin Vulgate manuscripts which were based on the translation of the Bible by Saint Jerome known as the Latin Vulgate following the fourth century. Vetus Latina and Vulgate manuscripts continued to be copied alongside each other until the Late Middle Ages and many copies of the Bible or parts of it have survived.
- Houghton, Hugh A. G. (2016). The Latin New Testament: A Guide to its Early History, Tests and Manuscripts. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Brooke, Alan England; McLean, Norman; Thackeray, Henry St. John (1906). The Old Testament in Greek. Volume I: The Octateuch. Part I: Genesis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.
- Edmon L. Gallagher and John D. Meade. The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity: Texts and Analysis. Oxford University Press. 2017
Vetus Latina manuscripts:
Source Used: Houghton, Hugh A. G. (2016). The Latin New Testament: A Guide to its Early History, Tests and Manuscripts. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Vetus Latina (Old Latin) manuscripts:
Date of Manuscript:
Name of Manuscript:
|Matthew & Mark|
|The 4 Gospels|
|375 A.D.||Codex Vercellensis|
The 4 Gospels
|Gospels, Acts, and 3 John|
Codex Corbeiensis II
|The 4 Gospels|
|450 A.D.||Codex Curiensis||Parts of Luke|
|450 A.D.||Codex Sangallensis||The 4 Gospels|
|450 A.D.||Codex Floriacensis||Acts, James, Jude, 1 & 2 Peter, 1-3 John, Revelation|
|500 A.D.||Codex Veronensis||The 4 Gospels|
|525 A.D.||Codex Brixianus||The 4 Gospels|
|550 A.D.||Fragmenta Bernensia||Mark 1-3|
|550 A.D.||Codex Sarzanensis||Luke & John|
|550 A.D.||Codex Laudianus||Acts|
|600 A.D.||Codex Usserianus Primus||The 4 Gospels|