St. Cyril of Alexandria

Scroll for quotes→

Cyril of Alexandria (376 – 444) was the Patriarch of Alexandria from 412 to 444.  Cyril wrote extensively and was a leading antagonist in the Christological controversies of the late-4th and 5th centuries. He was a central figure in the Council of Ephesus in 431, which led to the deposition of Nestorius as Patriarch of Constantinople. Cyril is counted among the Church Fathers and also as a Doctor of the Church, and his reputation within the Christian world has resulted in his titles Pillar of Faith and Seal of all the Fathers.

Cyril is well known for his dispute with Nestorius and his supporter, Patriarch John of Antioch, whom Cyril excluded from the Council of Ephesus for arriving late. He is also known for his expulsion of Novatians and Jews from Alexandria and for inflaming tensions that led to the murder of the Hellenistic philosopher Hypatia by a Christian mob. Historians disagree over the extent of his responsibility in this.

Writings:

  • Commentaries on the Old Testament
  • Discourse Against Arians
  • Commentary on St. John’s Gospel
  • Becoming Temples of God
  • Second Epistle of Cyril to Nestorius
  • Commentary on the Letter to Hebrews
  • Third Epistle of Cyril to Nestorius (containing the twelve anathemas)
  • Formula of Reunion: In Brief (A summation of the reunion between Cyril and John of Antioch)
  • The “Formula of Reunion”, between Cyril and John of Antioch
  • Five tomes against Nestorius (Adversus Nestorii blasphemias)
  • That Christ is One (Quod unus sit Christus)
  • Scholia on the incarnation of the Only-Begotten (Scholia de incarnatione Unigeniti)
  • Against Diodore of Tarsus and Theodore of Mopsuestia (fragments)
  • Against the synousiasts (fragments)
  • Commentary on the Gospel of Luke
  • Commentary on the Gospel of John
  • Against Julian the Apostate
  • Cyrilli Alexandrini liber Thesaurus adversus hereticos a Georgio Trapesuntio traductus

return to top ⇑

Quotes and Excerpts:

text

return to top ⇑